Crime Chronology is one of the documents compiled by the CIA during the course of a Mission. It provides Max with the ability to review the progress of the enemy's Plot.
As the name of the document suggests, all entries are arranged in chronological order. Each of the Bulletins on the list is marked by its date, while Messages and Meetings are marked with the Roles of both agents involved.
Since Crime-Related Bulletins tend to mention the location where the Crime has taken place, reviewing them can help Max figure out where the responsible agent is located.
Note that the Crime-Related Bulletins can be seen (also arranged in chronological order) in the News Bulletins document, which is available through the Review Clues menu and hence don't require a trip to the local CIA Office. However, that document does not list any Messages or Meetings like the Crime Chronology document does.